Starting 1st grade is probably very exciting for both you and your child. As a parent, you would like to know if your child is on track when it comes to academic standards for 1st grade. You may also want to know what kinds of things your child will be learning in first grade. To begin with, we will cover what a 1st grader should know when they enter the classroom.
Keep in mind that no two children are the same. Sally may know a whole lot more than Joe, but chances are Joe will catch up in no time. Students certainly differ when it comes to hitting benchmarks. To make it easier to know what to expect, there are academic standards for each state that will give you a rough idea of what you can expect from your child in the 1st grade.
Subjects taught in 1st grade
The most common subjects that are taught in first grade are reading, writing, math, language, social studies, science, music, technology, and physical education. Your little one will begin to learn some exciting foundations for each subject. He or she will also learn a good bit about socialization skills, having the opportunity to interact with plenty of peers.
Today, let’s go over what a 1st grader should know by the end of their 1st year of school. Keep in mind that not every child will be at the same level, so it’s alright if you don’t see your child accomplishing some of the following right now. Teachers state that most kids who may be lacking in one area could be excelling in another area, and most of the time it all balances out in the long run.
What a 1st grader should know
By the end of 1st grade, you can expect your child to:
• Begin reading 1st grade books by him or herself and being able to tell what the story was about.
• Learn many 1st grade spelling words, being able to spell them correctly and use them in a sentence.
• Use capitalization and punctuation in a sentence.
• Be able to read or hear a story and answer questions about the setting, characters and key takeaways from the story.
• Know the alphabet and the letter sounds.
• What the vowels are and their short and long sounds.
• Know word endings like ing, ed, and s.
• Be able to compare and contrast, telling what’s the same and what is different.
• Answer addition and subtraction problems using numbers 1 through 20.
• Answer two-digit addition and subtraction problem.
• Learn how to tell the time.
• Understand three dimensional shapes and some measurements.
• Count forward and backwards.
• Count by twos.
• Know coins such as pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half dollars.
• Understand a simple graph.
• Understand less than, greater than, and equal.
• Be given homework, and bring completed homework back to class the next day.
• Pay attention to the teacher consistently, and follow his or her directions.
• Know right from left.
• Learn some socialization skills and make a friend in class.
• Have the opportunity to learn conflict resolution skills. As you probably know, kids don’t always agree on things, so teachers tend to use conflict as an opportunity to teach children how to resolve things in a positive way.
• Write their first and last name in lowercase letters.
• Write simple sentences.
• Learn the days of the week, months in the year, and seasons.
• Tie their shoelaces.
• Work independently on homework or projects.
Of course, this is just a short list of what a 1st grader should know. Each state will have a more detailed academic standard of achievement. If you’re interested in learning more, do a little homework when it comes to your state and what a 1st grader should know.
If you have certain questions, perhaps you can ask your child’s teacher to give you some information regarding your concerns. He or she may even have a list of topics to be covered during the school year.
1st grade is an exciting time for both you and your child. Knowing what you can do to help your child learn what he or she needs to learn will certainly be beneficial. Enjoy your role a parent facilitator as your child navigates life as a 1st grader.